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时间:2018-11-10

2018寰球化和产业化论坛

经由过程整合寰球价值链鞭策布局变革

 (起源:结合国产业生长布局官微平台 2018-6-20) 

寰球著名的政策专家、学者、以及高档别参会人员和决策者会集维也纳国际核心,加入2018寰球化和产业化论坛,讨论寰球价值链鞭策布局变革的潜力。

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介入寰球价值链为企业进入国际市场,排汇新技巧并迅速扩展规模经济供给了首要的机遇。但是,进入寰球价值链的技巧要求比以往任何时候要求更高,而且具有着生长中经济体仍然被困在价值链低附加值的活动中的现实风险。

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工发布局总干事李勇在开幕式上指出:“为根蒂根基宽泛的经济生长哄骗寰球价值链的潜力需求积极和有倾向的政策。它还需求了解不同地域和行业的寰球价值链特点和静态。”

与会者探求了寰球价值链怎样增进包涵性和可持续生长,以及处于不同生长阶段的国度怎样确保其介入到价值链中。

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经济合作与生长布局投资科科长Ana Novik说:“供给链网络是外商直接投资(FDI)驱动的可持续产业化的要害渠道。介入外商直接投资的公司比不介入的更具生产力和可持续性。因此,东道国中小企业能够经由过程知识和技巧转让与本国跨国企业建立供给链联络”。

会议还讨论了为根蒂根基宽泛的经济生长哄骗寰球价值链潜力的政策应战和挑选。 

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东盟与东亚经济研讨所高档政策研讨员Rebecca Fatima Sta Maria说:“当局和决策者必须对介入寰球价值链有全面对意识。这些政策不应仅仅存眷海内需求做的工作,还应经由过程商业和投资和谈存眷国际上需求做的工作,列国当局还应审查投资政策,确保它们排汇投资,这合乎其可持续和包涵性生长的目标。这意味着不只要存眷环境影响,还要存眷外商直接投资的社会影响。”

CX技巧公司董事长Albert Ting弥补说:“东亚的胜利生长模式能够被其他国度完满和运用,以更好实现包涵和可持续产业生长,消除贫穷。”

在论坛时期公布了两个新的工发布局讲演:“寰球价值链和产业生长:来自中国,东南亚和南亚的经验”以及“增进包涵性和可持续产业生长的布局变革”。 

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中国对外经济商业英国威廉希尔中文网站副校长赵忠秀指出:“生长中国度和新兴经济体尽其所能介入寰球价值链并为寰球经济增长做出贡献。这份结合研讨讲演为怎样更有效融入寰球价值链供给了政策提议。”

该论坛在中国的资金支撑下,由工发布局,基尔世界经济研讨所与对外经济商业英国威廉希尔中文网站合作举办。


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VIENNA, 18 June 2018 – World-renowned policy experts and academics, as well as high-level practitioners and policymakers came together today for the 2018 Forum on Globalization and Industrialization to explore the potential of Global Value Chains (GVCs) for driving structural change.

Participation in GVCs provides important opportunities for firms to access international markets, absorb new technology, and rapidly expand their economies of scale. However, technology requirements for entering into GVCs are more demanding than ever and there is a tangible risk that developing economies will remain trapped in lower value-added activities along the value chains.

“Harnessing the potential of GVCs for broad-based economic development requires active and purposeful policies. It also requires an understanding of the characteristics and dynamics of GVCs across different regions and industries,” said LI Yong, Director General of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), at the opening.

The participants looked into how GVCs can lead to inclusive and sustainable development and how countries at different stages of development can ensure their participation in those value chains.

“Supply chain linkages are a key channel for foreign direct investment (FDI)-driven sustainable industrialization. Firms that engage in FDI are more productive and more sustainable than those that do not,” said Ana Novik, Head of Investment Division at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. “Therefore, host economy SMEs can benefit from supply chain linkages with foreign multinational enterprises through transfers of knowledge and technology.”

Policy challenges and options for utilizing the potential of GVC for broad-based economic development were also discussed.

 “Government and policymakers must take a holistic view of participation GVCs. The policies must not just focus on what needs to be done domestically, but also internationally through trade and investment agreements,” said Rebecca Fatima Sta Maria, Senior Policy Fellow at the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia. “Governments must also review investment policies to ensure that they attract investments, which are aligned to their goals for sustainable and inclusive development. This means focusing not just on environment impact but also the social impact of FDI.”

Albert Ting, Chairman of CX Technology Corporation added,“The successful development models of East Asia can be modified and adopted by others to achieve better success in inclusive sustainable industrial development and poverty alleviation.”

Two new UNIDO reports, which contributed to the structure of the event, were launched during the Forum: “The Global Value Chains and Industrial Development: Lessons from China, South-East and South Asia” and “Structural Change for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development”.

“Developing and emerging economies try their best to participate in GVCs and contribute to global economic growth. This joint research report provides the pathways and policy recommendations on how to integrate into GVCs and climb the ladder effectively,”  said UIBE Professor and Vice-President Zhongxiu Zhao at the event.

The Forum was organized by UNIDO and the Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG) at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), in cooperation with China’s University of International Business and Economics(UIBE). The event was also made possible with financial support from the People's Republic of China.

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